What quality is a growing concern all around the world. If you are lucky enough to live in a large city with a high quality municipal water supply, you probably don’t think about it all that often. Of course, most people aren’t this lucky, and many homeowners in rural areas have to deal with well water or other sources that come with their own special considerations.
And even if you are a city slicker that doesn’t mind their tap water, it still might make sense for you to consider water quality, especially when raising a family.
Here at New Green Mama we pride ourselves on keeping our homes as green and healthy as possible, and being that we are primarily made up of water, your water cleanliness is a key concern for health.
We’ve gone ahead and listed a few ways you can ensure that you household water is clean and purified as can be:
1. Faucet Water Filters
We will start small, because this is the least intimidating option. Faucet water filters attached right to the spout of your sink and filter the water as it exits the spout. They are usually small and can be quite affordable (usually in the $60 range).
Many people prefer these spout water filters because they are affordable and not complicated to install. They are very similar to water filter pitchers, which you’ll see as an option below as well. There are popular brands like Pur and Brita that many people recognize and are comfortable with.
Of course, just like pitcher water filters, they come with their downsides. They are not as thorough as some of the more sophisticated water filters in the world, so you shouldn’t use them when water quality is a life or death concern (such as filtering lake or river water).
However, they do have the nice touch of removing some chlorine and dissolved solids, include stuff that can make water taste a little funky.
2. Pitcher Water Filters
As mentioned above, pitcher water filters are also a very popular method used in millions of homes around the world. They are handy because you can fill them up and place them in the fridge and always have cold, filtered water available to you.
They are also very affordable (at first), with many costing around $30. However, the cost of the replacement filters can start to add up. When compared to other more thorough methods of water filtration, the ~40 gallons or so that a Brita pitcher will last is tiny compared to the 6,000 gallons that a berkey water filter will last.
They also suffer from the same downsides as faucet filters. Basically, the activated carbon filter is similar in technology to more thorough filters, but the amount of filtration is proportional to the length of the filter. For faucet filters, that might only be a couple of inches, and maybe a little long for pitcher filters.
Nonetheless, Brita or Pur pitcher filters are a nice step in the right direction.
3. Countertop Gravity Filters (Berkey)
We mentioned Berkey filters above. These are our favorite and what we use at home. While the concept is very similar to Brita or Pur pitcher filters, the Berkey “purification” elements, as they call them, are so much more thorough. If you read from the Berkey Website you’ll see how they filter out pretty much anything harmful:
- Fluoride – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Viruses – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Pathogenic Bacteria – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Lead – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Arsenic – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Iron – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Mercury – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Chlorine – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Trihalomethane(THMs) – Removed to greater than 99.8%.
- Bisphenol-A – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Chloramines – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Pharmaceuticals – Removed to greater than 99.5%.
- Petroleum Contaminants – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Methylcyclohexane-methane – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Pesticides – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Heavy Metals – Removed to greater than 99.1%.
- Coliform and e-Coli – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Atrazine – Removed to greater than 99.9%.
- Uranium – Removed to greater than 97.0%.
- Gross Alpha emitters – Removed to greater than 98.7%.
Crazy right? This is our choice because it just sits on the countertop, we fill it up every other day or so. Our model holds 2 gallons, and we use it for everything, even cooking! Why not? It lasts for like 3 years and 6000 gallons. Might as well take advantage of it.
4. Whole House Water Filtration Systems
Now we get to the very sophisticated approaches, and this is for people that live in areas where they need to hook into well water, and they want to be very sure of the water quality.
Whole house water filtration systems connect to your house’s plumbing source, and filter all the water that goes through it. Many people also use this opportunity to install a water softener, if they are in an area where water is excessively hard.
While this may seem like a big endeavor, many systems are prices in the $600 range. Of course, installation in another matter altogether, and would require a plumber or a very expert DIY’er to accomplish.
These systems usually used Reverse Osmosis (RO) water filtration, but can also combine other tactics like activated carbon, or even UV sanitization in its process. RO is usually the gold standard when it comes to water filtration, so you can rest assured everything is being done to keep the water clean.
We hope this gave you some good insight on the options for keeping your house supplied with clean and purified water! Here is to keeping green and clean!